User-Defined Variables

The Variables section is a key-value storage for storing and reusing some data. It is often used for removing code duplicates and improving readability: the greetingUrl variable says more than just the line for sure.

The variables mechanism is very well integrated to all application parts and has several features:

  • You can use strings, objects, arrays, and links to other variables as values.

  • Variables are defined for each node and are inherited from parent nodes.

  • Variables values can refer to other variables.

  • Default variables names start with $.

Using Variables

You can use variables in any string parameters of the node - URLs, headers names, authorization tokens, etc. To do that, use the ${variableName} syntax, where variableName is a link to the variable. Here are some examples:

  • ${id}

  • ${$}

  • ${$}

It's possible to combine strings and links to other variables in the node parameters fields. For instance, you can use http://${host}/posts/${$} as an URL.

To access an array element, that is stored in a variable, you can use the ${variableName[index]} syntax. For example, to access the third response entity id, you'll write ${$response.body[2].id}. Note that it the index is zero-based.

Autocompletion works for variables:

Variable value highlighting works as well:

There is the Variables tab in every node interface, that contains the variables list. This is how the tab looks like:

The tab looks the same for all node types. You'll learn more about how to work with variables in the next sections.

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